Remove the fasteners holding the caliper to the spin-
dle. There are several methods of attaching the caliper to
On some vehicles, the caliper is held by bolts which
thread into the caliper and slide on the spindle
through steel sleeves or bushings, Figure 13-5. These
bolts can be standard capscrews, or may have round
heads with an internal Allen or Torx® fitting.
Other brake systems use bolts which thread onto the
spindle assembly. The caliper slides on these bolts
through hardened steel sleeves and/or bushings. See
On some vehicles, the caliper is held in place by rub-
ber or metal clips or bushings. The bushings, also
called support keys, are in turn held by screws or
bolts, Figure 13-7. The fasteners can be removed and
the clips or bushings lightly tapped out to remove the
caliper. The fasteners shown in Figure 13-8 are
removed and the clips are lifted off to free the caliper.
212 Auto Brakes
Caution: If the pads will be reused, do not
damage them by prying. It is usually pos-
sible to pry on the metal shoe portion of the
pads to move them. On some calipers, the pads can
be loosened by pushing the caliper housing forward
with a large C-clamp.
Figure 13-5. A—This illustrates Allen head mounting bolts
used on a brake caliper. B—Torx
t head bolts and the bit
needed for removal and installation. (General Motors)
Figure 13-6. A brake caliper that uses caliper guide pin bolts
that, when installed, thread into the spindle.
Figure 13-4. Using pliers to lightly force the inboard pad and
piston away from the rotor. This allows for easier caliperr