Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Providing a safe environment for children
requires a great deal of time and attention to details.
Danger can be found in every corner of the center.
These dangers can threaten both the physical and
mental well-being of children. Protecting children
from these dangers is the most important job of a
Child care professionals need to be prepared
for any emergency. You should know how to use
fire extinguishers and how to safely evacuate the
children in case of a fire or other disaster. You
should know how to handle accidental poisonings.
Child care workers also need to recognize signs
of possible child abuse and know how to report
Child care staff can be held responsible for
failing to follow state licensing rules and regulations.
It is important to know what those rules are and to
know the extent of any possible liability.
1. Name four basic safety objectives.
2. Can young children be expected to protect
themselves? Why or why not?
3. Define limits and name three typical limits for
young children’s safety.
4. When selecting toys, can you assume a toy
that is safe for a five-year-old- is also safe for a
three-year-old? Why or why not?
5. Why it is important that staff evaluate existing
playground equipment for safety?
6. Where should teachers look to access the most
current state regulations for children in motor
7. What can you do to make glass doors visible to
8. Name three ideal places to keep fire
extinguishers in a child care center.
9. When a fire alarm sounds, why should you
evacuate children immediately even if you do
not see flames?
10. When are the sun’s rays the strongest?
11. What should you do if you suspect a child has
eaten something poisonous?
Recall and Review
12. What is an emetic?
13. Name the four types of child abuse.
14. Identify four possible signs of neglect.
15. List three behavior patterns exhibited by
emotionally abused children.
16. What does it mean for teachers to be mandated
17. Explain what is meant by a bad touch.
18. Summarize four ways that teachers can foster
19. What is the primary role of the staff at a center?
20. List three unsafe situations for which a center is
21. What access are parents allowed to records
kept by the center concerning their child?
22. Individually or with a partner, create a T-chart
on a sheet of paper and list the terms in the left
column. In the right column, list an antonym
(a word of opposite meaning) for each term in
the left column.
23. Draw Conclusions. In small groups, discuss
the importance of supervision and draw
conclusions about how this concept could
be best explained to an overworked or
overwhelmed parent or guardian.
24. Compare and Contrast. Research the required
adult-child ratios for child care centers in your
state or region. Then, research the required
adult-child ratios in two other regions. Compare
and contrast these ratios. What factors might
contribute to the variation?
25. Identify. Using the poisonous substances
chart in this chapter, conduct a safety check of
your home. List the poisonous substances you
26. Analyze. Design an evacuation chart for the
27. Evaluate. At the website for the National
Program for Playground Safety, print checklists