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farsighted. Able to see objects in the distance
more clearly than those that are close. (8)
fast mapping. The ability of three-year-olds to
absorb the meaning of a new word after hearing
it just once or twice in a conversation. (6)
feeding-in. A strategy where a teacher helps a
child learn language by providing the child’s
language for him or her. (6)
feely box. A box with a circle cut in it large
enough for children to put their hands into
and identify different objects and materials
placed inside by touch. (24)
felt board. A board covered with felt or fl annel
that is used as a background for placing felt
characters and props to tell a story. (20)
fi eld-independent. Children who are more
independent, prefer to work on their own,
and like to try new activities. (18)
fi eld-sensitive. Children who like to work with
others. (18)
fi ne-motor development. The ability to
coordinate the small muscles in the arms,
fi ngers, and wrists to complete tasks such
as grasping, holding, cutting, drawing, and
writing. (4)
fi rst aid. Immediate treatment given for injuries
and illness, including those that are life-
threatening. (13)
fi rst-degree burn. Burn to the top layer of skin. It
is the least severe of all burns. Signs include
redness or mild discoloration, pain, and mild
swelling. (13)
fl annel board. A board covered with felt or
fl annel that is used as a background for
placing felt characters and props to tell a
story. (20)
fl exible limits. Limits that can be adapted to the
needs of an individual or situation. (16)
fl ipcharts. Stories drawn on large poster board
cards. (20)
food and nutrition experiences. Involve many
activities: preparing foods, setting the table,
eating snacks and meals, and cleaning up. (26)
foodborne illness. An illness caused by eating
food that contains harmful bacteria, toxins,
parasites, or viruses. (13)
food insecurity. Absent or inconsistent access to
nutritious food. (26)
for-profi t centers. Privately owned businesses in
local communities that rely on parent fees to
operate. (2)
frustration. The feeling that one is not in control;
feeling defeated or discouraged. (15)
functional stage of play. Second stage of material
use. During this stage, a child will use a prop
as it was intended while playing with other
children. (21)
gender roles. Behaviors that are expected of girls
or boys. (6)
germinate. Sprout. (24)
gerontology. The study of older adults. (25)
gestures. Nonverbal pointing to objects used by
infants to communicate. (5)
giftedness. Having exceptional skills in one
or more of six areas: creative or productive
thinking, general intellectual ability,
leadership ability, psychomotor ability,
specifi c academic aptitude, and/or visual or
performing arts. (31)
glaucoma. Condition caused by failure of the eye
fl uid to circulate in the proper way, resulting
in increased pressure on the eye. Over time,
this pressure can destroy the optic nerve. (31)
grand mal seizure. A reaction, or seizure, caused
by epilepsy. During a grand mal seizure, a
person will lose consciousness, jerk, thrash, or
become stiff. (13)
gross-motor development. Improvement of the
skills involving arms, legs, and whole body
movements. Examples include running,
jumping, throwing, and climbing. (4)
guidance. Direct and indirect actions used by
an adult to help children develop socially
acceptable behavior. (14)
hand-eye coordination. Muscle control that
allows the hand to do a task in the way the
eye sees it done. (22)
head lice. Small insects that live on people’s hair
and scalp. (13)
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