Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
privacy law. A law designed to protect children,
which states that a child’s records cannot be
given to anyone other than parents without
the parents’ permission. (11)
private speech. Discussion children have with
themselves when they “think out loud”
as a means of guidance and direction; also
referred to as self-talk. (4)
problem-solving fi le. File containing helpful
information on problems parents may face. (32)
process-centered art. Focuses on the child’s
interests and development. (19)
product-centered art. Focuses on a model and
step-by-step instructions by the teacher. (19)
professional development. An ongoing
process through which people update
their knowledge and skills related to their
professional life. (1)
professional priorities. Global aspects of
work that are important to a person’s
satisfaction. (33)
program evaluation. The process of studying the
program to determine quality. The fi ndings
indicate areas of strength and those that need
to be changed. (3)
program goals. Broad statements of purpose that
state the desired end results. (18)
projection. A type of play allowing children to
place feelings and emotions they feel onto
another person or an object, such as a puppet.
Through this play, a child may share his or
her inner world. (21)
prompting. Making a verbal or nonverbal
suggestion that requires a response; used to
either stop an unacceptable action or start an
acceptable one; requires a response from the
child. (14)
prop box. Box containing materials and
equipment that encourage children to explore
various roles. (21)
props. Any items that relate to the story and
would attract children’s attention. (20)
prosocial behaviors. Acts of kindness that
benefi t others; behaviors that demonstrate
cooperation and helpfulness. (5)
proximodistal principle. Principle noting that
development of the body occurs in an outward
direction. The spinal cord develops before
outer parts of the body; arms develop before
hands; hands develop before fi ngers. (4)
publicly sponsored programs. Child care
programs funded by the government, school
district, and/or division of social services. (2)
punctual. On time. (33)
punishment. A form of discipline that focuses
on the use of unreasonable, often harsh,
actions to force children into behaving the
way adults want. It is meant to hurt or
humiliate by physically reprimanding or
removing privileges. (14)
puppetry. The use of puppets in play. (21)
puppets. Figures designed in likeness to an
animal or a human, used to enact stories,
actions, or thoughts. (21)
quality rating systems (QRS). Established
standards to assess and acknowledge
program quality. (2)
quench. Satisfy. (26)
quibbling. Arguing. (32)
rabies. A disease caused by a viral infection of
the nervous system and brain, transmitted
through the saliva of an infected animal. (13)
rating scale. Tool used to record the degree to
which a quality or trait is present. (3)
rational counting. Attaching a number to a series
of grouped objects. (23)
receptive language. Grows as the children are
exposed to new words or known words used
in new ways. (7)
recognizing. The ability to relate past and present
experiences and classify items; made possible
by using the senses to learn from repeated
experiences. (23)
redirecting. A technique used to divert, or turn, a
child’s attention in a different direction. (14)
referral. Directing a parent to obtain a diagnosis
from a professional when a problem exists
with a child. (31)
Previous Page Next Page